Lifelong Learning

Education without action is educationism.


Conflict on the Nile

Very interesting.

Education for Sustainable Development

The sources of the Nile remained a mystery for thousands of years. The Ancient Egyptians regarded the river as holy and as their lifeline. The British colonialist empire regarded finding the source of the Nile as crucial for their power over Africa. The first European seeing the waterfall where Lake Victoria falls into the White Nile at Ripon Jinja in Uganda, was the English explorer called John Speke in 1862.

The White Nile begins at Jinja, Uganda The White Nile begins at Jinja, Uganda. (Photo: Åke Bjørke)

There are several other sources of the White Nile, but Lake Victoria is probably the most spectacular.

Countries that are associated to the Lake Victoria catchment area are Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo, Tanzania and Kenya.  With growing populations, these countries all have increasing interests in exploiting these enormous water resources for themselves.

The White Nile is an impressive and powerful river. The waterfalls are spectacular. See a…

View original post 1,216 more words

Problems and challenges in online tutoring

A good resource for online learning

Education for Sustainable Development

By Åke Bjørke  March 2014

Good online education can be a driving force for quality enhancement, course development procedures, internationalisation of studies and joint degrees between networks of educational institutions. However, there are many problems and challenges. A reliable electricity supply, broadband facilities, appropriate computers and software are obvious stumbling blocks. The pedagogical problems and challenges can be even more daunting. Internationalisation of courses and making people of very heterogeneous ages, backgrounds, educations, cultures and languages collaborate in virtual communities of practice can be a mouthful even to the most experienced lecturer.


An online tutor has similar challenges as ordinary teachers, and some in addition. Tasks that can be done more or less unconsciously in a face-to-face classroom must be done consciously and deliberately online. Students, especially from the developing world, may have been exposed to a “colonial style” pedagogy resulting in “lack of confidence and ability in independent…

View original post 2,887 more words